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 help me please

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
عاشقة محمد-عليه الصلاة وا
مشرفة قسم العلوم التطبيقيه
مشرفة قسم العلوم التطبيقيه


انثى عدد الرسائل : 66
العمر : 26
العمل/الترفيه : طالبة
عدد نقاط التصويت : 2
نقاط التميز : 101
تاريخ التسجيل : 31/03/2009

مُساهمةموضوع: help me please   الأربعاء 1 أبريل 2009 - 4:08

لو سمحت ممكن معلومات عن الأمم المتحدة بانجلش طبعا
ارجوكم لا تردوني
الله يجزيكم الجنة
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
ItsMe
الإداره العامه للمنتدى
الإداره العامه للمنتدى


انثى عدد الرسائل : 767
عدد نقاط التصويت : 17
نقاط التميز : 877
تاريخ التسجيل : 17/02/2009

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: help me please   الأربعاء 1 أبريل 2009 - 10:45

هلا اختي
ولا يهمك بندرج لك أكثر من موضوع اليوم المساء او غدا إن شاء الله

_________________


الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://khadeejah-school.7olm.org
ItsMe
الإداره العامه للمنتدى
الإداره العامه للمنتدى


انثى عدد الرسائل : 767
عدد نقاط التصويت : 17
نقاط التميز : 877
تاريخ التسجيل : 17/02/2009

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: help me please   الخميس 2 أبريل 2009 - 18:58

هلا اختي عموما بدرج موضوع كامل عن الأمم المتحده ,,وإنتي طبعا مهمتك تقري المعلومات وتآخذي المهم منها
وتختصريها بطريقتك ,,لكتابة البرجراف لازم تحطي ببالك ,,تكون في مقدمه اللي هي بتكون تعريف عام بالأمم المتحده
الجزء الثاني بيكون تعريف بمهامها الأساسيه
الجزء الثالث بيكون تفاصيل اكثر عن تلك المهام لو قدرتي
الجزء الأخير متى انضمت سلطنة عمان لهيئة الأمم المتحده
لو إحتجتي توضيع أكثر اتمنى تقولي لي..


United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights and achieving world peace. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries and to provide a platform for dialogue.
There are currently 192 member states, including nearly every recognized independent state in the world. From its headquarters on international territory in New York City, the UN and its specialized agencies decide on substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings held throughout the year. The organization is divided into administrative bodies, primarily:

  • The General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly);
  • The Security Council (decides certain resolutions for peace and security);
  • The Economic and Social Council (assists in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development);
  • The Secretariat (provides studies, information and facilities needed by the UN);
  • The International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ).

Additional bodies deal with the governance of all other UN System agencies, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). The UN's most visible public figure is the Secretary-General, currently Ban Ki-moon of South Korea, who attained the post in 2007. The organization is financed from assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states, and has six official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.[1]Main article: History of the United Nations

The signing of the UN Charter in San Francisco, 1945



The UN was founded as a successor to the League of Nations, which was widely considered to have been ineffective in its role as an international governing body, as it had been unable to prevent World War II. The term "United Nations" was first used by Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt,[2] in the 1942 Declaration by United Nations, which united the Allied countries of WWII under the Atlantic Charter, and soon became a term widely used to refer to them. Declarations signed at wartime Allied conferences in 1943 espoused the idea of the UN, and in 1944, representatives of the major Allied powers met to elaborate on the plans at the Dumbarton Oaks Conference.[3] Those and later talks outlined the organization's proposed purposes, membership, organs, and ideals in regards to peace, security, and cooperation.
On 25 April 1945, the UN Conference on International Organization began in San Francisco, attended by 50 governments and a number of non-governmental organizations involved in drafting the Charter of the United Nations. The UN officially came into existence on 24 October 1945 upon ratification of the Charter by the five permanent members of the Security Council — France, the Republic of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States — and by a majority of the other 46 signatories. The first meetings of the General Assembly, with 51 nations represented, and the Security Council, took place in Westminster Central Hall in London in January 1946.[4]

Organization

Main article: United Nations System

The United Nations system is based on five principal organs (formerly six - the Trusteeship Council suspended operations in 1994);[5] the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the Secretariat, and the International Court of Justice.
Four of the five principal organs are located at the main United Nations headquarters located on international territory in New York City. The International Court of Justice is located in The Hague, while other major agencies are based in the UN offices at Geneva, Vienna and Nairobi. Other UN institutions are located throughout the world.
The six official languages of the United Nations, used in intergovernmental meetings and documents, are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish,[1] while the Secretariat uses two working languages, English and French. Five of the official languages were chosen when the UN was founded; Arabic was added later in 1973. The United Nations Editorial Manual states that the standard for English language documents is British usage and Oxford spelling (en-gb-oed), and the Chinese writing standard is Simplified Chinese. This replaced Traditional Chinese in 1971 when the UN representation of China was changed from the Republic of China to People's Republic of China. The Republic of China is now commonly known as "Taiwan".



_________________


الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://khadeejah-school.7olm.org
ItsMe
الإداره العامه للمنتدى
الإداره العامه للمنتدى


انثى عدد الرسائل : 767
عدد نقاط التصويت : 17
نقاط التميز : 877
تاريخ التسجيل : 17/02/2009

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: help me please   الخميس 2 أبريل 2009 - 19:00

General Assembly


The General Assembly


Main article: United Nations General Assembly

The General Assembly is the main deliberative assembly of the United Nations. Composed of all United Nations member states, the assembly meets in regular yearly sessions under a president elected from among the member states. Over a two-week period at the start of each session, all members have the opportunity to address the assembly. Traditionally, the Secretary-General makes the first statement, followed by the president of the assembly. The first session was convened on 10 January 1946 in the Westminster Central Hall in London and included representatives of 51 nations.
When the General Assembly votes on important questions, a two-thirds majority of those present and voting is required. Examples of important questions include: recommendations on peace and security; election of members to organs; admission, suspension, and expulsion of members; and, budgetary matters. All other questions are decided by majority vote. Each member country has one vote. Apart from approval of budgetary matters, resolutions are not binding on the members. The Assembly may make recommendations on any matters within the scope of the UN, except matters of peace and security that are under Security Council consideration.
Conceivably, the one state, one vote power structure could enable states comprising just eight percent of the world population to pass a resolution by a two-thirds vote.[citation needed] However, as no more than recommendations, it is difficult to imagine a situation in which a recommendation by member states constituting just eight percent of the world's population, would be adhered to by the remaining ninety-two percent of the population, should they object.

Security Council


Interior of the Security Council chambers


Main article: United Nations Security Council

The Security Council is charged with maintaining peace and security among countries. While other organs of the United Nations can only make 'recommendations' to member governments, the Security Council has the power to make binding decisions that member governments have agreed to carry out, under the terms of Charter Article 25.[6] The decisions of the Council are known as United Nations Security Council resolutions.
The Security Council is made up of 15 member states, consisting of 5 permanent members - China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States - and 10 non-permanent members, currently Austria, Burkina Faso, Costa Rica, Croatia, Japan, Libya, Mexico, Turkey, Uganda, and Vietnam. The five permanent members hold veto power over substantive but not procedural resolutions allowing a permanent member to block adoption but not to block the debate of a resolution unacceptable to it. The ten temporary seats are held for two-year terms with member states voted in by the General Assembly on a regional basis. The presidency of the Security Council is rotated alphabetically each month,[7] and is held by Mexico for the month of April 2009.

_________________


الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://khadeejah-school.7olm.org
ItsMe
الإداره العامه للمنتدى
الإداره العامه للمنتدى


انثى عدد الرسائل : 767
عدد نقاط التصويت : 17
نقاط التميز : 877
تاريخ التسجيل : 17/02/2009

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: help me please   الخميس 2 أبريل 2009 - 19:03

Main article: United Nations Secretariat

The Secretariat building at the UN headquarters



The United Nations Secretariat is headed by the Secretary-General, assisted by a staff of international civil servants worldwide. It provides studies, information, and facilities needed by United Nations bodies for their meetings. It also carries out tasks as directed by the UN Security Council, the UN General Assembly, the UN Economic and Social Council, and other UN bodies. The United Nations Charter provides that the staff be chosen by application of the "highest standards of efficiency, competence, and integrity," with due regard for the importance of recruiting on a wide geographical basis.
The Charter provides that the staff shall not seek or receive instructions from any authority other than the UN. Each UN member country is enjoined to respect the international character of the Secretariat and not seek to influence its staff. The Secretary-General alone is responsible for staff selection.
The Secretary-General's duties include helping resolve international disputes, administering peacekeeping operations, organizing international conferences, gathering information on the implementation of Security Council decisions, and consulting with member governments regarding various initiatives. Key Secretariat offices in this area include the Office of the Coordinator of Humanitarian Affairs and the Department of Peacekeeping Operations. The Secretary-General may bring to the attention of the Security Council any matter that, in his or her opinion, may threaten international peace and security.

Secretary-General

Main article: Secretary-General of the United Nations

The current Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon of South Korea



The Secretariat is headed by the Secretary-General, who acts as the de facto spokesman and leader of the UN. The current Secretary-General is Ban Ki-moon, who took over from Kofi Annan in 2007 and will be eligible for reappointment when his first term expires in 2011.[8]
Envisioned by Franklin D. Roosevelt as a "world moderator", the position is defined in the UN Charter as the organization's "chief administrative officer",[9] but the Charter also states that the Secretary-General can bring to the Security Council's attention "any matter which in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security",[10] giving the position greater scope for action on the world stage. The position has evolved into a dual role of an administrator of the UN organization, and a diplomat and mediator addressing disputes between member states and finding consensus to global issues.[8]
The Secretary-General is appointed by the General Assembly, after being recommended by the Security Council. The selection can be vetoed by any member of the Security Council,[11] and the General Assembly can theoretically override the Security Council's recommendation if a majority vote is not achieved, although this has not happened so far.[12] There are no specific criteria for the post, but over the years it has become accepted that the post shall be held for one or two terms of five years, that the post shall be appointed based on geographical rotation, and that the Secretary-General shall not originate from one of the five permanent Security Council member states.[12]

_________________


الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://khadeejah-school.7olm.org
عاشقة محمد-عليه الصلاة وا
مشرفة قسم العلوم التطبيقيه
مشرفة قسم العلوم التطبيقيه


انثى عدد الرسائل : 66
العمر : 26
العمل/الترفيه : طالبة
عدد نقاط التصويت : 2
نقاط التميز : 101
تاريخ التسجيل : 31/03/2009

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: help me please   الخميس 2 أبريل 2009 - 21:16

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
 
help me please
استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 1 من اصل 1

صلاحيات هذا المنتدى:لاتستطيع الرد على المواضيع في هذا المنتدى
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